By Dr. Thomas L. Layton March 12, 2013
This is the second of our Talk and Total quizzes on the subject of Autism and how it relates to child development. To browse through all of our quizzes on this topic and others, visit our Quiz Page: Browse our other quizzes.
Take the Quiz:
Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often present other associated problems. Which of the following is a commonly associated problem among children with ASD?
- Feeding disorder
- Sleep disturbance
- Seizure disorders
- Appears to have cognitive impairment
- All of the above
Some children with ASD have swallowing and chewing impairments, especially with specific food textures. These children may also have sleep disturbances, seizures, and appear to have cognitive impairments, as based on standardized assessments.
Which of the following items apply to children with PDD-NOS (another one of the five autism spectrum disorders) and not to Asperger syndrome?
- Problems in social interaction
- Problems in language delay
- Impairment in special interests
- Usually fall within the normal level of intelligence
Typically children with Asperger syndrome have normal speech and language skills, whereas PDD-NOS will present with language impairments. However, individuals with Asperger syndrome, at an older age, will show problems with higher language skills, like idioms and metaphors.
ASD affects both boys and girls; however, ASD is more prevalent in boys. How much more?
- 4 boys for every 1 girl
- 6 boys for every 1 girl
- 8 boys for every 1 girl
- 10 boys for every 1 girl
For every 1 girl with ASD, there are 4 boys with ASD.
The prevalence of ASD has increased over the past decades. Why has this occurred?
- There has been a change in diagnostic criteria
- There are more known environmental causes
- There is a stronger awareness and identification by professionals
- There is no way of accurately determining the increase
Although all of the answers have some truth, the correct answer is D because there is no research evidence to support any of these answers.
The largest increase in ASD prevalence in the past decade has been among?
- Hispanic children
- Black children
- Asian children
- White children
Hispanic children with ASD have recently increased by 110%.
Although scientists who study ASD believe there is no single cause of ASD, studies have provided evidence that:
- Children born prematurely, with low birth weight, are at less risk for ASD
- Children born to older parents are at a slightly higher risk for ASD
- Specific drugs taken during pregnancy have not been linked to ASD
- Children from larger families are more at risk
Evidence suggests that children born to older parents are at a slightly higher risk for ASD.
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